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The Chester Beatty Papyri and the Bodmer Papyri are 2 highly significant collections of papyri.
The Chester Beatty Papyri are a group of Greek, papyrus, biblical 2nd & 3rd century codices.
The number indicates the order of registration, not the date of the manuscript.
The number of papyri that have been discovered in the last 100 years has increased significantly.
They were written on one side only and could only be read sequentially.
They were portable and reusable, as the text could be erased by melting the wax.
Each papyrus fragment is identified by a numbering system that was introduced by Caspar Rene Gregory (1846-1917).
He used the gothic Blackletter B, but P is commonly used, e.g., P52.
Luke states, “But woe to you Pharisees, for you tithe mint and and every herb and pass over justice and the love of God”, whereas Matthew says “dill and cumin”. The Aramaic words are both 4 letter words that differ only by one character that can easily be confused on a wax tablet.
The manuscripts were recorded on scrolls, wax tablets and codices.
Scrolls were made from sheets of papyrus or parchment that were glued together, divided up into pages and then rolled into scrolls at both ends.
Casey describes several other examples that account for minor differences between Matthew and Luke. The codex was invented by Romans in the 1st century and was the forerunner of the modern book.
A codex was made from sheets of papyrus or vellum, bound in book form and written on both sides.