Dating above your social class
The women from the higher castes were not allowed to marry men from a lower caste.
This concept, cited in the Vedas as the Anuloma was justified as the mechanism to keep the Hindu ideological equivalent of the gene pool from degrading.
Both terms were coined in India in the 19th century while translating classical Hindu law books, which used the Sanskrit terms anuloma and pratiloma for the two concepts.
Studies of heterosexual mate selection in dozens of countries around the world have found men and women report prioritizing different traits when it comes to choosing a mate, with men tending to prefer women who are young and attractive and women tending to prefer men who are rich, well-educated, ambitious, and attractive.
The think-tank says the proportion of those ‘marrying down’ – such as the Queen’s granddaughter Zara Phillips who is now wed to former England rugby player Mike Tindall – has exceeded those ‘marrying up’ for the first time.
The study found 28 per cent of women born between 19 married men who were less educated and worse paid than them.
while men express a desire for an analogue of hypergamy based on physical attractiveness; they desire a mate who ranks higher on the physical attractiveness scale than they themselves do".
A connection in an urban area creates a broader social horizon for the bride's family, and young children in the family can be sent to live with the couple in the city for better schooling.
Some research support that theory, including a 2012 analysis of a survey of 8,953 people in 37 countries, which found that the more gender-equal a country, the likelier male and female respondents were to report seeking the same qualities as each other rather than different ones.Hypergamy allows higher-status men maximum choice in mate selection, and, as historically practiced in India, results in the man's family gaining wealth through the transfer of dowry from the bride's family.Overall, hypergamy has the potential to advantage lower-status women economically and socially the most, since they marry into a higher status and the dowry becomes part of their marital wealth.This occurs at the cost of less-desirable, higher-status women (by removing high-status men from their mating pool, from which social constraints and economic disincentives already exclude lower-status men).Lower-status men are disadvantaged the most (by removing lower-status women from their mating pool, from which social constraints and economic incentive structures already exclude higher-status women).