Boundaries dating curriculum
Jurisdiction over the water column and the subjacent seabed is vested in the adjacent State or Territory as if the area formed part of that State or Territory.This, and other arrangements for the management of offshore resources such as fisheries and petroleum, are defined by the Offshore Constitutional Settlement (OCS).The outer boundary is mostly 200M from the territorial sea baselines.However the Proclamation pulls the boundary back to less than 200M in areas of agreed or potential delimitation with other countries.The Territorial Sea is a belt of water not exceeding 12M in width measured from the territorial sea baseline.Australia's sovereignty extends to the territorial sea, its seabed and subsoil, and to the air space above it.The term Territorial Sea Baseline (TSB) refers to the line from which the seaward limits of Australia's Maritime Zones are measured.These include the breadth of the territorial sea; the seaward limits of the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and, in some cases, the continental shelf.
The other parts of the 1992 'excepted waters' Proclamation have been rendered redundant by the Proclamation of the outer limits of the EEZ which entered into force on 1 August 1994.
The metes and bounds definitions where the boundary has been pulled back are taken from Australia's maritime delimitation agreements with other countries and, where no such agreement exists, largely follow the The outer limit of the AFZ is the same as the outer limit of the EEZ other than in places where the 'excepted waters' Proclamation in Gazette No.
S52 of 14 February 1992 remains relevant (see paragraph (d) of the definition).
They have been rendered redundant because they largely cover the same lines as are used in the 1994 EEZ Proclamation.
The Continental Shelf is the area of the seabed and subsoil which extends beyond the territorial sea to a distance of 200M from the territorial sea baseline and beyond that distance to the outer edge of the continental margin as defined in Article 76 of the Convention.